What is stress?
Stress is your body’s way of responding to any kind of demand and can be caused by both good and bad experiences. When you feel stressed by something going on around you, your body releases adrenaline into the blood. Adrenaline gives you energy and strength, which is good if you are facing a physical danger, enabling you to confront or flee a threat (this is known as the Flight or Fight response). Most modern stressors do not require a fight or flight response, which means that you have difficulties using up the adrenaline caused by the stress response. Problems arise when the stress response persists over time and is not switched off, leading to various unpleasant anxiety symptoms.
Many different things cause stress, for example, crowding, pressure from work and family, fatigue, not taking time out to relax, worrying about things you can`t control, relationship problems. The symptoms are unpleasant and you may feel anxious, tense, irritable, have problems sleeping, avoid situations and have difficulties functioning during the day. You may find yourself smoking, eating or drinking more.
What is depression?
Depression is a psychological condition that effects how you think and feel. Self-evaluation is a process that everyone does, we evaluate our performance at work and home, whether what we are doing, saying, acting and feeling is as it should be. If you are depressed, you will find your self-evaluations will be critical, feeding low self-esteem. Depressed people tend to display certain thinking patterns. For example, when a mistake occurs, the depressed person may think “I knew it, I’m useless and can`t do anything right”. Depressed people tend to use negative self-talk, remember negative aspects of experiences and experience automatic negative thoughts that they say to themselves in specific situations. These thinking patterns sustain depression. Cognitive therapy is very effective at helping you to identify and overcome negative thinking habits.